Polish Haitians in Cazale Haiti

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You can read this article in French, Haitian Creole and Polish via Google Translate.

Articles about Haiti on this website

Part 1. Polish Soldiers in Haiti and their legacy
Part 2. Polish Haitians in Cazale, Haiti. That’s this article.
Part 3. Children in Cazale, Haiti
Part 4. Polish language lessons in Cazale

The previous article has background information that gives context to this article.

As explained in my previous article, no one speaks Polish as a first language in today’s Haiti. However, in the village of Cazale, where the majority of the Polish soldiers settled after the Haitian Revolution, Cazaliens are very aware of their Polish heritage and are fiercely proud of it.

In the past, the Cazaliens’ relationship and view of the far-away land of Poland was somewhat abstract. In recent years this has changed due to better access to education* and the many overseas journalists and tourists who have visited Cazale for the purpose of research and tourism.

Associated map of Haiti. Derivative work. Original:
EC, ECHO, CC BY 4.0, via W

Map showing location area of Polish Haitians in Cazale
Map showing location area of Polish Haitians in Cazale

School education of children in Haiti

According to the Haitian government, education for children in Haiti is free. In practice, the education system is so underfunded, that only a small proportion of children receive free education.

While 67% of children in Haiti will enrol in school at some point during their childhood, only 30% of that 67% will never move further than third grade.

Source: Moore, Carson, “Global Education: The Caribbean Realm” (2021). Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects. 1307. https://ideaexchange.uakron.edu/honors_research_projects/1307. Page 11.

*In Cazale, however, the Lazarus Commission funds the Repairer of The Breaches School and according to the school’s Facebook page, school fees are not charged “for some children who might not otherwise be able to go to school, Repairer of the Breaches is providing tuition-free education.”

Source: Repairer of The Breaches School Facebook “about” page.

Polish Haitians in Cazale – A snapshot of the last few years

The associated video is about educational and cultural events that have taken place over the last few years in Cazale.

Fast forward the video to 7:50 minutes to watch the Day of Solidarity of Polish People with Polish Haitians in Cazale.

Watch the children performing the Polonaise and singing Polish songs – in Polish.

The event took place at the Church of Saint Michel de Cazale in 2017.

A snapshot from Cazale – The last few years

The above video and an associated editorial (in Polish) was also published on the GOV.PL website on 22 April 2021.

The following text (translated into English by South Coast View) gives more information about the video and about Polish Haitians in Cazale.

The translated editorial (shown below) is republished by South Coast View under the license Uznanie autorstwa 3.0 Polska (CC BY 3.0 PL).

Video Conference – Meeting with the Polish diaspora from Haiti

On the evening of April 22, 2021, Minister Jan Dziedziczak (Government Plenipotentiary for the Polish Diaspora and Poles Abroad) met with representatives of the Polish community in Haiti.

It was an unusual meeting, carried out via video conference, as part of the #SpotkaniazPolonią series, during which Minister Dziedziczak learned about current problems and plans for the future of Poles living in different parts of the world.

Haitian descendants of Polish legionnaires and Poles who take care of disseminating knowledge about Poland within the local community and who care for the memory of Poles in Haiti, joined the video conference.

It is amazing that in a place so distant from Poland, you can still find traces of Polishness. Polish Haitians proudly speak of their roots, referring to the tradition of a country with which they seem to be completely unfamiliar with.

Children from Cazale, known as the Polish village in Haiti, with the support of Krzysztof Szybński, who has been involved in development and education for many years, prepared a film especially for this occasion.

Currently, Polish citizens in Haiti are mainly members of Polish-Haitian families and workers of humanitarian organisations, temporarily staying in Haiti.

The inhabitants of the village of Cazale (also known as La Pologne), located about 70 kilometres from the country’s capital Port-au-Prince, refer to their Polish origin and consider themselves descendants of the soldiers of the Polish Legions sent to Haiti to suppress the uprising of Black slaves.

After the initial clashes with the Black population, the legionaries fell during battle or went over to the Haitian side. After the fighting ended, they remained in Haiti.

The mementoes and documents relating to the Polish origin of Cazaliens were preserved until the 20th century but mostly lost during the dictatorship of Francois Duvalier in the 1960s, which was related to the discrimination and persecution of people of lighter skin colour. However, a cemetery has survived in the village, where most of the names are Polish.

The inhabitants of Cazale, despite not knowing the Polish language and the country of their ancestors, consider themselves Poles and proudly emphasise their uniqueness.

Source: GOV.PL

I hope you enjoyed this snapshot featuring Polish Haitians in Cazale.

I trust that events causing instability throughout Haiti will resolve themselves and facilitate a more prosperous future for all people of the country.

Articles about Haiti on this website

Part 1. Polish Soldiers in Haiti and their legacy
Part 2. Polish Haitians in Cazale, Haiti. That’s this article.
Part 3. Children in Cazale, Haiti
Part 4. Polish language lessons in Cazale

Polish Haitians in Cazale – External resources

Repairer of The Breaches School in Cazale website. Facebook Page

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